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The Five Most Common Sleep Disorders

June 18, 2022 by The Sleep Company

Every living thing needs a certain amount of uninterrupted and peaceful sleep to lead a healthy and normal life; as stated in the Irish proverb, “A good laugh and a long sleep are the greatest cures in the doctor’s book.” However, many people struggle with sleep-related conditions that, if not treated promptly, can lead to serious physical, cognitive, interpersonal, and psychological issues. 

The term “sleep disorders” refers to a variety of conditions that can interfere with your regular sleeping patterns for one or more reasons. Most of the time, these disorders are categorised depending on their severity, symptoms, and reasons.  Thus, here are some common sleep disorders with their symptoms and reasons

Insomnia

The most widely used and recognised term “insomnia” is a sleep disorder in which you have trouble falling or staying asleep. Many people confuse Insomnia with other sleep disorders.

Types

Insomnia can be classified as transient, acute or chronic, depending on how long it lasts. 

Symptoms

It can be diagnosed as Insomnia if you have one or more of mentioned symptoms:

Causes

There could be several reasons that can cause Insomnia:

Prevention

Exceeding good habits can help you avoid getting caught in the web of Insomnia

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea, or sleep apnoea, is considered one of the most serious sleep disorders where your breathing stops for some time or becomes slower during slumber. 

Types

Sleep apnea can be divided into three types: Obstructive, central or complex.

Symptoms

Sleep apnea can be diagnosed by one or more signs mentioned below.

Causes

Sleep apnea can occur due to various reasons:

Prevention

Due to the severity of the diseases, it’s hard to treat them without any professional doctor’s help. However, one can take precautions along with doctor’s treatment to make a speedy recovery, like:

Circadian Rhythm Disorder

Circadian rhythm is the natural cycle that controls our body’s sleep-wake timings daily and regularly repeats after 24 hours. Thus, circadian rhythm disorders are a group of sleep disorders that disrupts our natural cycle, making it difficult to sleep and wake up on time without any glitch.

Types

Circadian rhythm disorders are divided into two groups based on their causes: intrinsic and extrinsic. 

Symptoms

Circadian sleeping disorders can be diagnosed with symptoms like:

Causes

Several causes can affect your circadian rhythm, creating sleep disorders

Prevention

Depending on the type of circadian rhythm disorder, you can adopt the following methods:

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy, a long-term neurological condition that significantly impacts your sleep-wake cycle, is another severe sleeping disorder. Because of its overlapping symptoms, narcolepsy can be confused for Insomnia, sadness, anxiety, or obstructive sleep apnea.

Types

Narcolepsy can be categorised into two types: type 1, type 2 and secondary narcolepsy.

Symptoms

Narcolepsy, a life-long problem, can show various symptoms in more or less severity without going away completely.

Causes

Narcolepsy can be caused due to 

Prevention

Although narcolepsy is a chronic condition, there are steps one may take to manage it, like

REM Sleep Behaviour Disorder

REM or Rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) involves abnormal behaviour during REM sleep where individuals face loss of muscle atonia or the loss of paralysis and act out their dreams. REM sleep behaviour disorder can be associated with neurological disorders like Parkinson’s, multiple system atrophy, or Lewy body dementia.

Types

RBD is a type of parasomnia and is distinguished into two categories, namely, idiopathic or symptomatic

Symptoms

Symptoms of REM sleep behaviour disorders can include:

Causes

The causes of REM sleep behaviour disorders can be

Prevention

 REM sleep behaviour disorder can be treated by using the following methods:

Apart from these major sleep disorders, many other sleep-related disorders can be seen in individuals due to changed lifestyles or other factors like non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder, restless leg syndrome, periodic limb movement disorder, shift work disorder, etc. 

Though it can be scary and troublesome to have sleeping disorders, one can maintain a balanced life with proper treatment and precautions.

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